The Bare Bones of Concussion: What the Sideline Orthopaedic Surgeon Needs to Know Current Concept Review

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Michael Beasley
Christina Master


Concussions have become one of the highest profile and most controversial injuries in sport, with scrutiny by athletes and their families, coaches, medical personnel, and the media dramatically increasing in recent years. With growing awareness and knowledge of concussion, assessment has progressed from minimal on-field examination and rapid return to play, to extensive on- and off-the-field comprehensive physical and neurologic examinations, computerized neurocognitive testing, advanced oculovestibular evaluations, and individualized return-to-play protocols. Orthopaedic surgeons covering sporting events, especially those fellowship-trained in sports medicine and designated as team physicians, are expected to have competency in recognizing mechanisms of concussive injury, participate in on-field assessments, and contribute to the initial management and return-to-play protocols of athletes. Having an awareness of concussion epidemiology, available diagnostic testing, possible complications associated with repetitive concussions, and local legislation involving concussed athletes will prepare the team physician-surgeon to be a critical contributing member of the medical team.

Article Details

How to Cite
Beasley, M., & Master, C. (2021). The Bare Bones of Concussion: What the Sideline Orthopaedic Surgeon Needs to Know: Current Concept Review. Journal of the Pediatric Orthopaedic Society of North America, 3(4).
General Orthopaedics
Author Biographies

Michael Beasley

Assistant Program Director, Medical Sports Medicine Fellowship
Instructor of Orthopedics, Harvard Medical School
Boston Children’s Hospital

Christina Master, Children's Hospital of Philadelphia

Christina L. Master, MD, FAAP, CAQSM, FACSM Professor of Clinical Pediatrics Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania  Co-Director, Minds Matter Concussion Program Pediatric and Adolescent Sports Medicine, Division of Pediatric Orthopedics
Attending Physician, Care Network - Karabots Center