The Generational Differences in Growth-Friendly Treatment Utilization for Early-Onset Scoliosis Original Research

Main Article Content

Adam A. Jamnik
Carlos Monroig-Rivera
Ryan Fitzgerald
Hamdi Sukkarieh
Jeffrey R. Sawyer
Ron El-Hawary
Robert F. Murphy
Maris Hardee
Jason B. Anari
Megan Johnson
Brandon Ramo
Amy McIntosh
Pediatric Spine Study Group
Jaysson T. Brooks


Background: The development of new growth-friendly techniques for treating early onset scoliosis (EOS) has resulted in a rapidly changing landscape of available treatment strategies. There is no literature revealing how a surgeon’s years in practice (YIP) is related to the EOS techniques they learned in fellowship and how their YIP influences their decision making in selecting EOS constructs.

Methods: A 25-question survey was electronically delivered to 144 surgeons who treat EOS, and 87 (60%) responded. Surgeons were divided into two groups: a younger group (YG) with 0-10 YIP and an older group (OG) with >10 YIP. Growth-friendly techniques queried included serial casting, traditional growing rods (TGR), Vertical Expandable Prosthetic Titanium Rib (VEPTR), non-VEPTR rib constructs, Magnetically Controlled Growing Rods (MCGR), and SHILLA. A Chi-square analysis was used to determine differences between the YIP groups with regards to which techniques surgeons learned in fellowship and which techniques they use in practice.

Results:  One-hundred percent (38/38) of the YG surgeons were fellowship trained, vs 87.8% (43/49) of the OG surgeons. More YG vs OG surgeons received fellowship training in serial casting (84.2% vs 38.8%, p<0.001), TGR (94.7% vs 63.3%, p<0.001), VEPTR (65.8% vs 28.6, p<0.001), non-VEPTR rib constructs (55.3% vs 16.3%, p<0.001), and MCGR (47.4% vs 2%, p<0.001). OG surgeons were more likely to use TGR in the last 3 years, with 26% of YG vs 6% of OG surgeons never utilizing TGR, and 5% of YG vs 31% of OG surgeons performing TGR cases > 10 times (p=.004). Regarding treatment preferences, more YG surgeons (84.2% vs 39.6%, p<0.001) preferred to delay intervention until final fusion, rather than use any growth-friendly techniques. Furthermore, YG surgeons see a limited need for growth-friendly constructs other than MCGR.

Conclusions: YG surgeons were more likely to learn growth-friendly techniques in fellowship than OG surgeons, though in their practices the groups use growth-friendly techniques at similar rates. Compared to OG surgeons, YG surgeons prefer performing definitive fusions over utilizing any growth-friendly surgical techniques.

Article Details

How to Cite
Jamnik, A. A., Monroig-Rivera, C., Fitzgerald, R., Sukkarieh, H., Sawyer, J., El-Hawary, R., Murphy, R., Hardee, M., Anari, J., Johnson, M., Ramo, B., McIntosh, A., Study Group, P. S., & Brooks, J. (2023). The Generational Differences in Growth-Friendly Treatment Utilization for Early-Onset Scoliosis: Original Research. Journal of the Pediatric Orthopaedic Society of North America, 5(4).