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Concussions have become one of the highest profile and most controversial injuries in sport, with scrutiny by athletes and their families, coaches, medical personnel, and the media dramatically increasing in recent years. With growing awareness and knowledge of concussion, assessment has progressed from minimal on-field examination and rapid return to play, to extensive on- and off-the-field comprehensive physical and neurologic examinations, computerized neurocognitive testing, advanced oculovestibular evaluations, and individualized return-to-play protocols. Orthopaedic surgeons covering sporting events, especially those fellowship-trained in sports medicine and designated as team physicians, are expected to have competency in recognizing mechanisms of concussive injury, participate in on-field assessments, and contribute to the initial management and return-to-play protocols of athletes. Having an awareness of concussion epidemiology, available diagnostic testing, possible complications associated with repetitive concussions, and local legislation involving concussed athletes will prepare the team physician-surgeon to be a critical contributing member of the medical team.